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Mediterranean Garden (Invisible Garden):
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Mediterranean Garden (Invisible Garden)


name: Mediterranean Garden (Invisible Garden)
type: urban biotope
address: Budafabriek, Dam 2 Kortrijk Belgium
gps location: 50.8317, 3.26395
dimensions: 8.00x5.00 meter
start date: 2014-10-30
end date: 2015-02-08


Mealybugs (Maconellicoccus hirsutus) and Mealybug Ladybirds (Cryptolaemus montrouzieri)
date: 2014-12-04
There is a problem with one of the olive trees. We found a colony of mealybugs (Maconellicoccus hirsutus - wolluis). They came probably with the plant from Willaert. It is a kind of Mealybugs that feed on olive trees and ferns - also on some of the ferns I saw them in our Invisible Garden. We will set out some natural ennemies, e.g. the Cryptolaemus montrouzieri, common name Mealybug Ladybird. The PTI-people will order them at the company Hombio. Unlike many of the often brightly coloured Coccinellidae, it is predominantly brown and has no spots. It has been used as a biological control agent against Mealybugs and other Scale insects. As a larva it apparently looks like the mealybugs they prey on, a case of aggressive mimicry.
link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptolaemus_montrouzieri

Inspection of the Mediterranean zone after 1 month
date: 2014-12-03
After 1 month we come to the constatation that there is much more evaporation by the plants than we thought, probably because of the warmth in the garden (± a constant temperature of 19°C) and also due to visitors etc. The olive trees did not get enough water, and they started to loose their leaves. But now that we know the source of this problem, they already started to recover (though there is another problem to solve: the Mealybugs). Some of the plants started yet a second spring/summer: the grasses (e.g. the Carex caryophyllea) are becoming green again, as well as the Verbena bonariensis that is producing a lot of green leaves again. I am very curious how this phenomena of summer after summer will evolve... Till now,the new twigs and leaves are a little weak. Therefore we will feed some bio fertiliser to the plants.

Bees are the keystone organisms of the ecosystem
date: 2014-11-10
The bees are omnipresent in our Invisible Garden, I consider the the keystone of the ecosystem. In the Mediterranean Garden I integrated 2 bee artworks. One is the Peephole Beehive, with a movie documenting the 365-day monitoring of a bee colony inside the hive. The other work is an 8-channel soundwork that I made together with Billy Bultheel. We started to develop the audio work from the 8-channel field recordings made in the broodnest of an experimental Warré-beehive set-up in my Brussels rooftop garden. More information can be consulted at the link below.
link: http://annemariemaes.net/works/bee-laboratory-works/bee-activity-soundwork-on-kunstradio-vienna/

Stone video in the Mediterranean Garden
date: 2014-11-05

On a summer day, july 2010, I observed this strange phenomenon of the floating stone. The stone was making beautiful circles some centimetres above the ground, is was floating in a mysterious way. I took my video camera to film this action, and at a closer look I discovered that there was a tiny, transparent wire attached to the stone. A spider used this stone as a fixing point for its web, and with rain and sunshine the wire shrunk a bit which made the stone floating ...

Designing with grasses
date: 2014-11-03
The mediterranean garden shows a focus on different grasses. A rooftop garden has a climate that is closer to the dry and sunny mediterranean setups than to the indigenous Belgian clay-ground-and rain habitual plants. Therefore I wanted to try out different designs with grasses and check over time how they conduct. Grasses hava a relaxed naturalness and are versatile to different conditions.

Zone #02 : the Mediterranean Garden
date: 2014-11-01
The Invisible Garden is a construction in the process of transformation. I want to make visible the structures that tend to escape general notice, and visualise the different connections that can be established between the elements of the garden ecosystem.
I ask questions about the current state of our ecosystems, about the use of green spaces in our cities, and I want to provoke a dialogue about the different elements that make up the physical reality of our urban landscape that is in a constant transformation.
I created the Mediterranean Garden with a range of grasses around a basis of Olive trees, and linked by the beautiful structure of Verbena bonariensis.

Sociological Description
date: 2014-10-17
The garden design by AnneMarie Maes is realized with the help of Balthazar de Tonnac (code and electronics), Billy Bultheel (sound processing), AnneMarie Maes (artworks, database and plants). The horticulture students from the PTI (Provinciaal Technisch Instituut) and the gardeners from VELT ( Vereniging Ecologisch Leven en Tuinieren) will do interventions in the vegetable and herb garden.

Ecological Description
date: 2014-10-16
The garden is conceived according to the traditions of permaculture, respecting the principle of the 7 layers. The plants are selected on their edible and melliferous qualities, they create a subtle ecosystem that is favorable for humans and honeybees. Different plant species have been carefully selected to cohabit and thus approach as much as possible the complex ecological web that we find in natural environments.
Throughout the garden we discover a series of hidden poetic memories (audio, video). AnneMarie Maes is fascinated in structures created by Nature, structures that are often not visible unless you look at it through an artistic eye and with the technological tools of modern science. Within the garden are hidden examples, shown on small embedded screens, of the extraordinary structures that AnneMarie Maes draws our attention to.
In the Mediterrenean Garden the autumn-palet of the waving grasses lure the visitor inside the semi-dim room. Once deeper inside the installation, a colder and more exact laboratorium setup takes the overtone. Every plant is tagged with a QR-code. The plant’s evolution throughout the exhibition is updated in the OpenGreens database and this information can be tracked via mobile devices.

General Description
date: 2014-10-15
The Invisible Garden is a large-size art installation in the exhibition ‘the Green Light District : the place of Nature in the city of Men’. The garden is a remake of the Edible Forest Garden, the Open Air Laboratorium created by the artist AnneMarie Maes on her rooftop in the center of Brussels. The Invisible Garden is a sitespecific project that reverses the relation between nature and art. The transitions between inside and outside, culture and staged nature, become fluid and transitory.
The garden can be seen as a giant roof garden, as it covers an entire room of 200m2 on the first floor of the old Buda textile factory. Roughly four zones can be distinguished: the naturalistic mediterrenean garden, with olive trees and grasses, the edible forest garden, with bee-friendly trees, shrubs and ground covers, the vegetable garden with perennial and annual plants and the herb garden with medicinal plants.